Different types of spine surgeries in India

India is one of the leading countries in spine surgeries and spine-related disorders. There is a considerable need for spine surgeries as over 5 lakh people in India suffer from spine-related disorders. A total of 10,000 spine surgeries are carried out in India every year.

Spine surgery hospitals in India are highly successful because of affordable and quality spinal surgery techniques and equipment at affordable prices. These have made it possible for almost every citizen to access spinal surgery services.

Several kinds of spine surgeries are undertaken in India, and some of them are as follows.


Vertebroplasty is a minimally invasive alternative to a more invasive procedure that can be used to treat vertebral compression fractures, which are commonly referred to as broken backs. The process involves injecting small amounts of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA or cement) into a vertebra to stabilize the fracture and allow it to heal.


Kyphoplasty is the use of a balloon to make space in the vertebrae. The balloon is inserted into the cavity and inflated to push the vertebrae back into place. It is a treatment to help the patient reduce pain and recover more quickly after vertebroplasty.


Discectomy removes the intervertebral disc, the surrounding bone, and tissue from the spinal column. It is performed to treat spinal disc herniation and spinal stenosis, which are severe spinal deformities. It is committed to treating chronic back problems.


Foraminotomy is a medical procedure used to relieve patients from the pressure caused by inflamed discs. To be clear, this treats a specific kind of disc herniation. Disc herniation is a condition that occurs when a piece of the disc in your back (also called a disc bulge) becomes too large and presses on a nerve, causing severe pain.


Nucleoplasty is a minimally invasive treatment for lumbar disk herniation. It is a minimally invasive procedure used to remove a herniated disk. A needle is inserted into the patient’s back, and some radioactive material is injected. The material is absorbed by the patient’s cells, causing a cell to die.

Spinal fusion

Spinal fusion sees a success rate of 80-85% in Spine surgery hospitals in India. It is a surgical procedure involving joining together two or more vertebrae in the spine to prevent further movement and pain.

There are many different types of spinal fusion, including anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF), posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF), and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF).

Artificial disc replacement

Artificial disc replacement, also known as autologous disc replacement, has become the gold standard for providing pain relief for patients with degenerative disc disease who previously had no other options.

The artificial disc is made from a patient’s tissue and is placed in the exact location as a natural disc to provide stability and support. A disc comprises a tough outer shell, a gel-like center, and a fiber layer that acts as a foundation for the surrounding tissues.

Over time, the disc’s outer surface becomes damaged, which allows the gel to seep out. Neglection is the root cause of every spin. Regular monitoring of one’s health condition and the proper diet and regular exercise are critical.

Growing technology is finding a solution for every problem. The same is happening with the health sector. People should become aware of the resources and not hesitate to disclose the pain and seek proper treatment.